Shoulder Joint Surgery: Bankart Repair

A Bankart lesion is a shoulder injury. It happens when there is a tear in the front lower part of the labrum. This is the fibrous cartilage that helps hold the shoulder joint in place. Surgery can repair this injury. This surgery may be done through a few small cuts (incisions) called arthroscopic surgery. Or it may be done through one larger incision known as open surgery. You and your healthcare provider will discuss which method is right for you.

Preparing for surgery

What you can do to prepare for surgery: 

  • Tell your healthcare provider what prescription and over-the-counter medicines you take. This includes vitamins, herbs, and supplements. It also includes things such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Ask if you should stop taking any of these before surgery.

  • Follow any directions you are given for not eating or drinking before surgery.

  • Bring any X-rays, forms, or scans your healthcare provider needs with you to the hospital.

  • Arrange for an adult family member or friend to give you a ride home after the procedure.

During surgery

Your surgeon will examine the shoulder joint. One or more of the following repairs may be done:

  • The labrum and glenohumeral ligament are reattached to the glenoid. Surgical anchors or stitches (sutures) are used.

  • Other damage to the shoulder may be repaired. This includes tightening the capsule. This is the sheet of tough fibers that surrounds the glenoid and humerus.

    Front view of shoulder joint showing Bankart lesion. Anchors are being placed to repair tear.

Possible risks and complications of shoulder surgery

Here are some of the risks and complications: 

  • Infection

  • Damage to nerves or blood vessels

  • Moving or breaking of surgical anchors

  • Stiffness or pain

  • Recurring instability of the shoulder joint

Online Medical Reviewer: L Renee Watson MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Raymond Turley Jr PA-C
Online Medical Reviewer: Thomas N Joseph MD
Date Last Reviewed: 11/1/2021
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